Android L: zvakadzama tarisa kuGoogle & apos; sazvino Android yekuvandudza

Android L: zvakadzama tarisa kuGoogle & apos; sazvino Android yekuvandudza
Sezvo Google & apos; s Sundar Photosi yakacherekedza pakutanga kweiyo Google I / O kiyi, Android L ndiyo imwe yeakanyanya kugadziridzwa eApple munhare mbozha & apos; nhoroondo. Taramba kubvisa maziso edu pachiitiko kunyangwe chikamu chechipiri chakakamurwa, isu tinofanirwa kubvuma kuti iyo yekuvandudza, zvirinani kusvika parizvino, inoita kunge yakanyanyisa, uye ipapo & apos; sa rose boka rezvinhu zvakanaka isu & apos; tichange tichitaura nezvazvo ikozvino, uye mumwedzi inotevera. Heano & apos; izvo zvatinoziva kusvika zvino.

Nyowani 'Yezvigadzirwa Dhizaini' interface inodarika iyo Ultra mbozha fomu chinhu


Imwe yenyaya hombe kusvika iko kune Android L ine chekuita, ndeye yakakosha kuigadzirisazve & apos; ndichaisa Google & apos; s mobile OS kuburikidza. Muchokwadi, Android haizowani & apos; ive ndiyo chete chikuva pamugumo wekutarisa uku kutsva - zvakanyanyisa zvinhu zvese zvinobva kuGoogle zvichatamba iyo interface nyowani, inosanganisira Chrome OS, Android Wear, uye Android TV.
Android L: zvakadzama tarisa kuGoogle & apos; sazvino Android yekuvandudza
Saka chii & apos; chitsva pano? Isa mumazwi akareruka - hapana dhizaini chinhu chakachengetedzwa, uye kunyangwe iwo makiyi esoftware ekufamba akapfuura nekugadzirisazve (ikozvino katatu, denderedzwa, nekwere). Chii & apos; zvimwe, iwo maratidziro matsva, kunze kwekusanamira pane ese mapuratifomu eGoogle, akarerutswawo pasi kune izvo zvekutanga, uye ikozvino anobata kumeso, ane mavara, uye anotonyanya kudikanwa.
Icho chekupedzisira chidiki ndechekuti, munzira huru, kunzwa kunokonzereswa nekubatanidzwa kwehupfumi hwekupindura mhinduro kuzviito, izvo, mukutaura pachena, zvinoreva kuti mashandiro akakosha, sekubaya bhatani, switch tab, kubhenekera kuburikidza nekudzokorora, nezvimwe, zvese zvichagamuchirwa. Nekutenda, zvese izvi zvakaitwa zvinonaka kubva pane izvo isu & apos; zvatakaona kusvika parizvino, uye hazvikurumidze kana kupfuurisa.
Tarisa uone kwedu kwakadzika kunyura mu = Android L & apos; s dhizaini nyowani.

Kuvandudzwa kwekushanda


Asi dhizaini runongova rumwe rutivi rwemari iyo Android L iri, sezvo ruzivo rwevashandisi rwakagadziridzwawo munzira diki diki. Ngatitorei maapos anotora chinguva uye titaure nezveumwe neumwe wavo achiteerana.

Kutsvaga kune simba kupfuura nakare koseAndroid L: zvakadzama tarisa kuGoogle & apos; sazvino Android yekuvandudza Android L: zvakadzama tarisa kuGoogle & apos; sazvino Android yekuvandudza Android L: zvakadzama tarisa kuGoogle & apos; sazvino Android yekuvandudza


Tsvaga ndeyeGoogle & apos; s chingwa & bota, saka hapana anofanirwa kushamisika kuziva kuti Android L ichaunza zvimwe zvinowedzerwa nekuvandudzwa mundima iyoyo.
Semuenzaniso, Google yakaisa kusimbisa pa & apos; kuwanikwa patsva ', zvichireva kuti Google Tsvaga zvino ichave iri nani kuziva zvawanga uchiita ipapo ipapo usati watsvaga chimwe chinhu online. Imwe yekutanga Google demo & apos; d ndeye Tsvaga & apos; ruzivo rwemushandisi & apos; yapfuura Google Earth yekutsvaga nzvimbo. Mubvunzo uyu, uyo wakaitwa muapp yakaparadzana neKutsvaga, unozobatanidzwa mumhedzisiro yaunowana kutsvaga kumwe chete kana zvimwechetezvo, uye iwe & apos; muchakwanisa kusvetukira mukati meiyo yakapihwa app uye tanga chaipo pawakasiya. Chii & apos; s zvakare, iyi API nyowani ichaitwa kuti iwanikwe kune vanogadzira, saka chechitatu-bato maapplication achakwanisawo kutora mukana weiyi nyowani mashandiro - haifanirwe kunge iri Google app. Izvi zvinovhura zvinoverengeka zvingangodaro zviitiko zvekushandisa, uye netariro devs ichashandisa iri nyowani-rakawanikwa simba zvakanaka.

Iyo yazvino maapplication menyu akagadzirwazve


Na Android L, Google irikuchinjawo zvinhu kumusoro kana zvasvika pane izvo isu zvatinowanzo taura seiyo & apos; menyu yazvino. Kunze kwekumitambo dhizaini dzakasiyana, iyo nyowani yekudzokorora tebhu ikozvino ichabvisa zviripo Chrome tabo kuita akapatsanuka, anodzvanya, masangano. Chii & apos; s zvimwe, Google iri kuvhurazve iyi API kune vanogadzira, saka kana iyo mhando yekushanda ichiita zvine musoro kune imwe app, devs ichakwanisa kuitora.
Kutaura chokwadi, isu & apos; tinopatsanurana pane itsva yazvino bhawa - inoita kunge isina kurongeka, uye zvirokwazvo ine mukana wakakura kwazvo wekutadza zvachose, kunyanya kana iwe uchitarisa pawebhu pane akawanda matabhu. Nezvo zvataurwa, isu & apos; tichamirira uye tione kuti ichi chinhu chitsva chinogadzirwa sei muchokwadi.

Kuvandudzika kwakakura kwekubata chiziviso


Imwe nzvimbo Android L inobata pane zviziviso. Pano, Google iri kugadzirisa aripo ekuzivisa mashandiro munzira mbiri.
Kutanga, zviziviso izvozvi zvakatonyanya kudyidzana, uye izvi zvinobata chokwadi kunyangwe uchitarisa kune izvo zvinobva kune yako yekukiya skrini. Mu Android L, iwe unogona kuwedzera kana kurasa izvo (uye nezvimwe), uye Google yakavimbisa kuti algorithms ichaedza uye kudzora izvo iwe zvaunoshumirwa, mukuyedza kuzvichengeta zvakakodzera. Ndezvipi & apos; zvinowedzera, kubaya kaviri chiziviso kubva kune yako yekukiya sikirini kunobva kukuendesa zvakare kuapp yakazvikonzera.
Chechipiri, Android L ichaunza izvo nharaunda yakasvika pakuziva se misoro-kumusoro ziviso. Izvi zvinoreva kuti zviziviso zvino zvinogona kuratidzwa mubhokisi rakakura, uye zvichapfuura nekungokuzivisa iwe kuburikidza nekadiki kadiki kadhi bhaa. Kana iwe uine LG kana Samsung foni, izvi zvakafanana zvakanyanya kune yavo 'inoyangarara yekufona' mashandiro, ayo anounza bhokisi diki kana kufona kuchiratidzwa kuburikidza, zvichikubvumidza iwe kuenderera chero zvauri iwe & apos; kuita, panzvimbo yekumanikidza kubira ruzivo rwako. Pakupedzisira!

Android L ichave ine mamiriro-ekuziva


Chimwe chidimbu chakakosha cheruzivo chakaburitswa panguva yeGoogle I / O kiyi yekuratidzira inyaya yekuti Google yakanyanya kukoshesa ruzivo rwechimiro kupfuura nakare kose, uye, zvakanyanya, maitiro ekukunda imba yakabatana yeramangwana.
Android L: zvakadzama tarisa kuGoogle & apos; sazvino Android yekuvandudza
Tinogona kutora mashoma akakosha mabheti, asi isu & apos; tinove nechokwadi chekuti rumwe ruzivo ruri munzira. Zvisinei, tanga wabva, yako Android L-inofambiswa smartphone ikozvino ichave inokwanisa kutaurira kana muridzi wayo aripedyo nekuda kwayo kweBluetooth tether neinogona kupfeka, kunge smartwatch. Kumwe kushanda kunoshanda kwesimba nyowani-rinowanikwa nderekuti yako smartphone ichango pfuura nepini / Patter-yakachengetedzwa yekukiya pese painobata yako (smart) wachi. Kana iwe & apos; usiri kupfeka smartwatch yako, iwe & apos; uchazofanira kuenda kuburikidza neyakajairwa, yekuisa-yako-kupfuura-kodhi maitiro - mashandiro ayo Google anoti vanhu vakawandisa vari kutambisa nguva yakawandisa. Zviripachena, mhando iyi yekushanda, ichiri kusunungura, inogona kuisa dzimwe njodzi dzekuchengetedza.
Pane imwe, yakawanda vaguer chinyorwa, Google yakataura nezvechishuwo chayo smart imba yakabatana (inomhanya paApple, hongu) kubvumidza shanduko isina musono pakati pefomu zvinhu. Izvi zvinoreva kuti mutambo wawanga uchitamba pane yako Android L-yakavakirwa smartphone kana piritsi ichave yakanyatso kuwanikwa yekutamba pane yako Android TV kana pamwe kunyangwe yako Chromebook.

Android L ichaendesa huwandu hwekuvandudza mashandiro


Google yakasarudza kutaura nezvekuwanda kwekuvandudza mashandiro akaisirwa muApple L yekupedzisira, asi isu hatidi & # 39; apos tifunge idzo dzisina kukosha. Pane shanduko dzinoonekwa pano. Imwe, Android iri pakupedzisira kuita shanduko yayo kune yeART nguva yekumhanyisa nguva. Chechipiri, iine inonzi 'Android Extension Pack', Google iri kuunza huwandu hwekuvandudzwa kuGPU mashandiro, ayo aanotarisira kuti zvino achateedzera girafu-yegiredhi mifananidzo. Uye matatu, neProjekti Volta Google iri kupedzisira yadzvinyirira maapplication ane simba-simba nekupa vanogadzira chishandiso chinodiwa kugadzirisa kodhi yavo, uye vawane vanodzima mabhatiri zviri nyore.

Android L ine 64-bit yakagadzirira, nerubatsiro rweiyo nyowani yemaART yekumhanyisa nguva


Takunda & apos; tifarire mune zvehunyanzvi, saka hezvino izvo & maapos anoenderera mberi mukuita. Pakutanga yakaunzwa sechinhu chekuyedza neiyo Android 4.4 KitKat, iyo nyowani yeART nguva yekumhanya pakupedzisira yakagadzirira nguva yekutanga, uye ichatsiva iyo iripo Dalvik RT. Mumashoko akareruka zvinogoneka, ART inounza Mberi-Ye-Nguva kuitiswa kwemaapps, saka kodhi yavo ichagadziriswa nehurongwa pakuisa, izvo zvinounza kuvandudzika kunooneka mukuita pamusoro peDalvik, iyo inoshandisa JIT (Just-In-Time, zvichireva kuti kodhi yacho inoitwa paunotanga app).
Android L: zvakadzama tarisa kuGoogle & apos; sazvino Android yekuvandudza
Mukuita, Google iri kuzivisa kanenge kuwedzera kwe2x mukuita, saka maapplication achange ave kuwanikwa zvirinyore uyezve kuita zvirinani. Muchokwadi, mamwe mabhenji emabhenji (Chessbench, semuenzaniso) anoratidza kuvandudzwa kunopfuura mazana mana muzana. ART iri zvakare yakazara makumi matanhatu neshanu yakagadzirira, zvichireva kuti michina ine huwandu hunosemesa hwe RAM haichakwanise, tisingataure kuti 64-bit chip mapurani anozotsigirwawo.

Console-giredhi mifananidzo munzira yavo?


Mifananidzo yemafoni yakagara kumashure kuseri kwedesktop, uye kunyange kunyaradza mifananidzo. Icho chikonzero chiri nyore zvakapusa - pane & apos; nzvimbo diki shoma inowanikwa mune chanza, inoomesera zvakanyanya kuti vangani vagadziri vesilicon vanogona kuita maererano nemashandiro, inoenderana zvakanyanya nesimba rekuita. Iine Android L, uye iyo inonzi Android Extension Pack, Google iri kutarisira kuvhara rimwe gap, uye kuwana madivayiri eAroid padhuze neconsoles maererano neswitsi yekuona yavanogona kuburitsa.
Saka chii & apos; iyo iyo Android Extension Pack? Chaizvoizvo, i & apos; s seti yezvinhu zvinosanganisira zvinhu senge tessellation, geometry shader, uye zvimwe, izvo zvinofanirwa kubatsira kusvika kune chaiwo mamiriro enzvimbo, mavara, uye mheni yakaomarara uye kuratidzwa.

Android L inounza Project Volta uye Battery Saver modhi


Kuchengeta netsika, Android L ichashanda senzira yekuratidzira yeimwezve chirongwa chekuita, neruremekedzo rweGoogle. Mushure meProjekita Butter (Jelly Bean) uye Project Svelte (KitKat), ese ari maviri aive nechinangwa chekuvandudza mashandiro emidziyo yepasi neyepamusoro magumo, isu & maapos; tava kukwazisa Project Volta, iyo inotarisira kusimudzira hupenyu hwebhatiri.
Android L: zvakadzama tarisa kuGoogle & apos; sazvino Android yekuvandudza
Project Volta ichanyanya kuzvinetsa neese siyana masisitimu eApple, saka zvinhu zvakaita seWi-Fi uye nharembozha, GPS, nezvimwe zvichabatwa zvinehunyanzvi kuburikidza neayo matsva-ekuchengetedza magetsi APIs. Chii & apos; s zvakawanda, Google iri kuwedzera chishandiso chakaomesesa kubatsira kuona kudonha kwemagetsi kunonzi Battery Historian. Ichi chinonyanya chishandiso chevagadziri, asi zvinofanirwa netariro kuvabatsira kuti vagadzire kodhi-iri nani kodhi.
Chekupedzisira, uye iyi iri hombe, Android L inozopedzisira yaunza yakasarudzika Battery Saver modhi kune stock Android. Saver yeBhatiri inogona kugadzirirwa kuti ishande chete kana kuchaja kwako kuchidonha pasi peimwe muzana (iti<15%), or you can turn it on manually. What the energy-efficient mode does is simply limit your handset's performance by lowering processor clock speed and the display's refresh rate. According to Google, a Nexus 5 gets extra 90 minutes of juice with the new mode on. Not bad, though it should be noted that pretty much every manufacturer has implemented such a mode in their device by now. Google is a bit late to the party.

Uya neako wega chishandiso kumabasa ekutanga fara: Android L ndeye ese ebasa uye yekutamba


Google yaitarisirwa kugadzirisa misika yebhizinesi kuGoogle I / O, uye haina kuodza moyo. Imwe nzira iyo & apos irikuita izvo zviri kuburikidza neApple L, inozove chishandiso chakanakira zvakanyanya vashandisi vebhizinesi. Chaizvoizvo, zvakaitika ndezvekuti Samsung yakapa yakanyanya imwe yayo KNOX chengetedzo suite kodhi kuApple, uye Google yakabva yaishandisa muL.

Mukuita, izvi zvinoreva kuti vashandisi vane yazvino Android software vanozokwanisa kupatsanura zvirinani ivo nekushanda hupenyu pamafoni avo, sezvo data richizopatsanurana pakati penzira mbiri idzi. Ruzivo rwunopfuura irworwo rwunoshomeka panguva ino, saka isu nemaapos hatizive kana mamwe magadzirirwo ezvekuchengetedza achizove chikamu cheiyi nyowani nzira (pamwe).

Putira


Panyaya yechikero chayo, Android L inonyatsoratidza kuve imwe yeakanyanya kugadziridza kune mobile OS mune yayo yemakore matanhatu nhoroondo. Kunyangwe kupfuura izvo zvinonzi Kugadzirwa Kwezvinhu kugadziridza, Google yakwanisa kuita kuwanda kwetweaks uye kuvandudza mashandiro ayo anozoisa zvirinani chikuva chechikamu chechipiri cha2014 uye zvichienda mberi.
Kutaura chokwadi, takashamisika, kwete zvirinani nekuti kumwezve optimizations uye zvinowedzerwa zvingangosvika pamberi payo & apos; nguva yekutanga mukudonha. Ehe, kudonha - asi vagadziri vanozoisa mavhezheni avo pachionekwa cheiyo software nyowani mangwana (Chikumi 26), vatengi vanofanirwa kugara vakaomarara uye kumirira kwemwedzi yakati rebei. Izvo zvakati, parizvino Android L iri kunyatsoita kunge inokodzera kumirira.