Smartphone yemazuva ano kana komputa yemazambiringa: ndeipi ine simba?

Kana iwe & apos; re mhando yemunhu anofarira kutarisa akakurumbira sainzi zvirongwa paTV, saka iwe ungangodaro wakanzwa zvimwe zvechiremba Michio Kaku & apos; s dzinonakidza dzidziso pane izvo izvo ramangwana zvatiitira. Mune ino posvo, zvakadaro, isu & apos; tichatora rwendo nekukurumidza kudzokera kune zvakapfuura, rakafuridzirwa nechimwe chinhu icho Kaku anoti mune rimwe remabhuku ake achangobva kuitika:'Nhasi, nharembozha yako ine simba rakawanda remakomputa kupfuura ese eNASA kumashure muna 1969, payakaisa vaviri vanoongorora muchadenga pamwedzi.'Zvinoita sekunge zvakaoma kutenda, isu tinoziva, asi ichokwadi chaizvo - chishandiso chakabata-ruoko chatiri kukanda shiri munguruve chine hunyanzvi hwekuverenga kupfuura zvombo zvemuchina zvinoshandiswa kutungamira hunyanzvi kuburikidza nenzvimbo yekunze makore makumi mana apfuura.
Apollo Guidance Computer, 0.043MHz wachi yekumhanya - Smartphone yemazuva ano kana komputa yemazambiringa: ndeipi ine simba?Apollo Guidance Computer, 0.043MHz wachi inomhanya Multiple IBM System / 360 Model 75 mainframe macomputer, anodhura anosvika kumadhora 3.5 mamirioni rimwe chete panguva iyi vachigara yakawanda nzvimbo, aishanda paNASA panguva iyoyo. Mumwe nemumwe aigona kuita mazana emazana ezviuru ekuwedzera mashandiro pasekondi, uye yavo yakazara memory ndangariro yaive mumamegabyte renji. Kana iri 70-pondo Apollo Guidance Computer, iyo iyo Apollo 11 Command Module yaive mubhodhi, yaive muchina yaive ne64 kilobytes yekurangarira uye yaishanda pa0.043MHz. Mukuenzanisa, iyo iPhone 5s, iyo iwe yaunokwanisa kukwana nyore muhomwe chero, ine CPU inomhanya nekumhanyisa inosvika ku1.3GHz - yakakwana kugonesa kuitiswa kwemamiriyoni ekuverenga sekondi yega yega. Uye iyo iPhone & apos; s 1GB ye RAM inofanirwa kukwana zvakakwana kuchengetedza 6 megabytes ekodhi iyo NASA yakagadzira kuongorora chimiro cheayo spacecrafts uye vanoongorora muchadenga muna 1969.
Iyo Cray-1 supercomputer yakamhanya pa80MHz - Yemazuva ano smartphone kana vintage supercomputer: ndeipi ine simba?Iyo Cray-1 supercomputer yakamhanya pa80MHz Makore akati wandei gare gare, muna 1975, komputa huru inonzi Cray-1 yakauya. Chaive chinogoneka uye chinotyisa-chinotaridzika chidimbu chemuchina uyo 'wakabhururuka' pamwero we80MHz. Ipo ichinyanyo shandiswa kumabasa esainzi, sekufananidza kudyidzana kwemvura, mumwe wevakomana vakaipa akabatsira kupa iyo CGI yeiyo yekutanga Tron bhaisikopo, yakaburitswa muna 1982. Asi Cray-1 & apos; s mbichana simba rekuverenga remamirioni makumi masere anoyangarara mashandiro pasekondi (FLOPS) inoseka nanhasi & apos; s zviyero; iyo grafiti yeyuniti mukati meiyo iPhone 5s inogadzira ingangoita 76.8 GFLOPS - dzinoda kusvika chiuru zvakapetwa. Uye zvirokwazvo, iyo iPhone inogona kupa 3D mifananidzo inotaridzika zvirinani pane Tron & apos; s Lightcycle chiitiko. Pane imwe tsananguro inoenderana, iyo Cray-2 supercomputer yakaburitswa makore gumi mushure meCray-1 uye yaive yepasi rese & apos; s inomhanyisa makomputa kusvika muna1990 Asi kunyangwe nekuita inosvika 1.9 GFLOPS, iyo mvura-yakatonhorera, 200-kilowatt muchina ichiri kumashure kweApple iPhone, zvirinani kana zvasvika kune GFLOPS ratings.
Yakadzika Bhuruu - zvakadaro haina kunyatsoita senge smartphone - Yazvino smartphone kana vintage supercomputer: ndeipi ine simba?Yakadzika Bhuruu - zvakadaro haina kunyatsoita senge smartphone Yakadzika Bhuruu ndeimwe komputa huru yaungangodaro wakanzwa nezvayo. Ndiwo muchina unonyanya kuzivikanwa nekukunda uchikwikwidza nyika chess shasha Garry Kasparov aine mamakisi e2: 1 mumutambo we6-mutambo. Izvo zvakaitika muna Chivabvu 11, 1997, apo Deep Blue yaive 259th komputa ine simba kwazvo pasirese. Yakazvirova chimiro chekuita che11.38 GFLOPS uye yaigona kuyera mamirioni mazana maviri emamaki pane chessboard sekondi yega yega (kunyange zvakadaro isati yakwana zvakakwana kumhanyisa Crysis, tinofunga). Nhasi, kwapera makore gumi nemanomwe, iyo ARM Mali-T628MP6 GPU mukati meiyo Exynos-yakavakirwa Samsung Galaxy S5 inoburitsa 142 GFLOPS. Uye iyo 192-musimboti GPU pane iyo Tegra K1 SoC inogadzira yakatonyanya kushamisa yepamusoro ye364 GFLOPS. Chokwadi, izvi zvinogona kunge zvisiri zvakakwirira pane Zvakadzika Bhuru kana zvasvika pakutamba chess, asi maererano nehuremu, simba-rekukwiza simba, aya mapuratifomu emagetsi emagetsi anomira akasimba.
Saka hongu, tekinoroji iri kufambira mberi, uye iri kuzviita nekukurumidza. Izvo zvinotora komputa huru kuverenga nhasi zvinogona kunge chiri chidimbu chekeke chema smartphones (kana chero zvavanoshanduka kuita) izvo isu & apos; tichave tichishandisa muna2020, senge nhasi & maapos; s mafoni ane kugona kwekugona kweiyo vintage supercomputer. Izvo isu & apos; tichave tichiisa iri simba rekumanikidza mune, zvisinei, iri musoro wakasiyana zvachose. Inzwa wakasununguka kugovera zvaunofungidzira pasi mune zvakataurwa!
mareferensi: Computer Vhiki , Cray-1 (Wikipedia), DigiBarn , Yakadzika Bhuruu (Wikipedia), Tom & apos; s Hardware